2231–4202  (Print)                
2249–9970  (Online)             
Peer Reviewed and Refereed Journal

JPAST is a Peer Reviewed & Refereed biannual multidisciplinary journal starting from July 2011. Articles are invited for Dec 23 issue.
Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 51-66, July 2015

Syngas as An Alternative Fuel Used in Internal Combustion Engines: A Review

Anushka Pradhan1, Prashant Baredar2, Anil Kumar3,*

1Research Scholar, Energy Centre, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.

2Associate Professor, Energy Centre, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India.

3,*Post Doctoral Fellow, Energy Tech., Research Center, Dept. of Mech. Engg.,

Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand.


Among the various renewable energy sources, synthesis gas (syngas) offers a promising opportunity for sustainable development in the energy and transportation sectors. Syngas can provide an economically viable solution, in the areas where the price of petroleum and diesel fuels are high, or where supplies are unreliable. This paper contains the information regarding the effect of particle size, and the moisture content of feedstock on the quality of producer gas. Coupling of syngas to the internal combustion engines (ICEs) is a feasible technology for the generation of heat and power on a small scale. Here, effect of syngas addition on performance of a spark ignition (SI) engine and compression ignition (CI) engine is also studied. This review also presents combustion features like calorific value, laminar flame velocity and flammability limits of syngas and its effects on the combustion in an internal combustion engines.

Keywords: Synthesis Gas (Syngas), Internal combustion engine, Calorific value, Laminar flame speed, Flammability limits.

 Full Paper

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