2231–4202  (Print)                
2249–9970  (Online)             
Peer Reviewed and Refereed Journal

JPAST is a Peer Reviewed & Refereed biannual multidisciplinary journal starting from July 2011. Articles are invited for Dec 23 issue.
Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 42-46, January 2024

Studies on Physicochemical Parameters to Assess the Ground Water Quality in Ballia District

Dr. Mala Kumari

Department of Chemistry, S.C. College, Ballia, U.P., India.


No water, no life, no blue, no greenie without water life is impossible. The quality of water change day by day depending upon sources [1] People on globe are under tremendous threat due to undesired changes in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of air, water and soil. Due to increased human population, industrialization, use of fertilizers and man-made activity water is highly polluted with different harmful contaminants. Natural water contaminates due to weathering of rocks and leaching of soils, mining processing etc. [2]. It is necessary that the quality of drinking water should be checked at regular time interval, because due to use of contaminated drinking water, human population also suffers from varied of water borne diseases. These could have serious heal. The availability of good quality water is an indispensable feature for preventing diseases and improving quality of life. It is necessary to know details about different physico-chemical parameters such as Colour, Odour, Temperature, Hardness, pH value, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), Total Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Total Hardness (TH), Calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+), Chloride(Cl), Sulphate  (SO42-), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), were analyzed for testing of water quality .and compared with maximum permissible limits. The drinking water recommended by aome water analysis reports with physic-chemical parameters have been given for the exploring parameter study. Guidelines of different physic-chemical parameters also have been given for comparing the value of real water sample.

Keyword: Water, Physio – chemical, Parameters, Hardness, EC, OD, COD, TDS, DO.

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