2231–4202  (Print)                
2249–9970  (Online)             
Peer Reviewed and Refereed Journal

JPAST is a Peer Reviewed & Refereed biannual multidisciplinary journal starting from July 2011. Articles are invited for Dec 23 issue.
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 14-24, July 2014

Mascot of Wetland: Cranes

Sulakshana Darapuri

Research Scholar, Department of Zoology, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India.


The Cranes are among the most ancient and distinctive families of bird on earth. At present there are approximately 15 species of Cranes whereas the fossil record includes at least 17 extinct species. No Crane’s species has been extinct within record history since 1600. For thousands of years the Hindu people of India have revered Cranes. The length positioning of the trachea are critical features of Cranes anatomy and shape the distinctive voices of the various species. All species of Crane dance. Wary residents of wetlands and grasslands, Cranes have also long symbolised natural grandeur and the special quality of wild places. Like many other species of wild life, Cranes have also been subjected to pressure of human population growth and development. The population is declined for various species of Crane have been attributed mainly to loss of habitats and persecution by humans. Under the new categories eleven of the fifteen species are likely to be listed as Threatened (which includes the categories Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable) by the International Union Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN). A number of captive breeding centres are being established in various countries for the endangered Cranes.

Keywords: Cranes, trachea, Wetland, International Union Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN).

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